1. Dense Coat
Siberians are well-known for their dense coats which kept them warm in the frigid winters of Siberia. Their coat density changes throughout the year, being thinner in warmer months and growing thicker as the weather gets colder.
In particular, they are most quickly identified by their fluffy tails and thick manes, which distinguish them from most other house cats. They also typically have very long fur around their paw pads to keep their paws warm when walking on snow and other cold surfaces.
2. Larger Size
Females typically weigh between 9-13lbs, while the males are usually larger, weighing between 13-22lbs. This is probably due to their status as wild predators just a few decades ago before they became domesticated and their decreased surface area to body volume compared to most other cats, which helps hold in heat.
3. Round Green or Gold Eyes
Siberians typically have noticeably round eyes, which are most commonly green or gold. Although blue eyes are possible, they are a lot less common. Some Siberiens may have two different colored eyes.
4. Rounded Ears with Lynx Tipping
Siberian cat ears will likely be rounded and darken towards the tip. Longer hairs may be present at the tip of the ear, which is referred to as Lynx tipping.
5. Muscular Build
Thick bodies and large paws are common characteristics as well, helping the cat in its predatory pursuits. Their rear legs will be slightly larger than their front limbs to aid the cat in jumping to high places.
Similar Looking Breeds
You’ll notice that Siberian’s share a striking resemblance to other cat breeds, such as Maine Coons and Norwegian Forest Cats. So what’s the difference? Although they may share fluffy coats and their big size, there are some subtle differences in eye shape, body proportions and colors/patterns that distinguish these breeds. Also, their difference in geographic locations (Maine Coons and Norwegians trace back to North America while the Siberian came from Northern Russia) points to variations in genes.